A BRIEF HISTORY
OF EARLY AVIATION IN BANGLADESH
In the year 1985, the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
formed Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh (CAAB) vide Ordinance No.
XXXVIII of 1985, titled The Civil Aviation Authority Ordinance, 1985.
Department of Civil Aviation (DCA)
In the year 1947, Department of Civil Aviation of Pakistan was formed. This
department had been doing management and operations of civil aviation in
this portion of the country named East Pakistan till 1971. After the
Independent war of 1971, Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) started its
journey almost from scratch. Because during the nine-month long war
for independence the aviation infrastructure was badly damaged due to
bombardments by Allied Forces over the main airports in order to disable
Pakistan Forces. DCA of Bangladesh inherited the assets and property left
over by the erstwhile DCA of the Pakistan. Aviation activities in
independent Bangladesh started in the last week of December, 1971 under the
Ministry of Defense.
Airports Development Agency (ADA)
There was another organization, a limited company named Airports Development
Agency (ADA), that was working from Pakistan period. It was formed in the
year 1965 and its functions were to construct aerodromes and airports, and
to perform all required electrical and mechanical engineering works for DCA.
It was essentially an engineering organization in nature.
Changes in management
There had been bureaucratic and administrative problems not befitting civil
aviation management. DCA was a pure Government organization and on the other
hand ADA was a company. The making of decisions and there implementations by
DCA suffered from bureaucratic complexities resulting in lengthy processes
as it was a Government organization. The functions of ADA were essentially
related to the DCA functions but DCA did not have administrative control
over it. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency
organization of the UN for formulation and co-ordination of aviation
procedures and activities worldwide, had been recommending to convert the
DCA to a more independent authority reducing Government's control over its
1982: DCA and ADA merged into Civil Aviation Authority
In the year 1982, the DCA and the ADA were merged together to form a compact
organization and was named as Civil Aviation Authority vide Ordinance No.
XXVII of 1982 titled the Civil Aviation Authority Ordinance, 1982
promulgated by the Government. This Authority was vested with more power
regarding organizational management, but the Government reserved the power
regarding financial management. This arrangement did not serve the purpose
1985: Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh
In the year 1985, the present Civil Aviation Authority came into existence
as a body corporate with full managerial power, both regarding
organizational and financial, vested with it vide Ordinance, 1985. This
ordinance repealed the Ordinance, 82 and dissolved the previously
constituted Civil Aviation Authority transferring all its establishment,
assets and liabilities to the new Authority.